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Abortion has been legal in the United States ever since the controversial 1973 Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision. The court established that, under the 14th Amendment’s “right to privacy,” every woman has a choice as to whether or not she will continue with pregnancy. This law applies to the first three months of the pregnancy. After that it is up to the states to impose sanctions on abortions, which usually grow harsher as the pregnancy progresses.

Point: 

The Pro-Choice camp believes that a woman has the right to choose whether or not she wants a baby. There are many reasons that women cite as to why they don’t want to have a child, often it involves finances or an overbearing burden on the expectant mother’s life.

Counterpoint: 

The Pro-Life argument is that a person’s life begins at conception and as such, killing a fetus is killing a person. This argument often has religious attachments, with many asserting that every child is a child of God, so to kill a baby is to ruin God’s creation.

Facts: 

2%

Each year, 2% of women aged 15-44 have an abortion. Half of these women have had at least one previous abortion.1

45%

Women who have never married and are not cohabiting account for 45% of all abortions.2 

53 million

From 1973 to 2010 there were over 53 million legal abortions in the U.S.3

22%

22% of all pregnancies (excluding miscarriages) end in abortion.4

10%

At current rates, 10% of women will have an abortion by age 20.5

25%

At current rates, 25% of women will have an abortion by age 30.6

30%

At current rates, 30% of women will have an abortion by age 45.7